Prayer Times refers to times when Muslims perform prayers. The term is primarily used for the five daily prayers plus the Friday prayer. According to Muslim beliefs, the Salah Times were taught by Allah to Muhammad.
Salah Times are standard for Islamic in the world, especially the prayer times. They depend on the condition of the Sun and geography. There are varying opinions regarding the exact Salah Times, the schools of Muslim thought differing in minor details. All schools agree that any given Salah cannot be performed before its stipulated time.
Islamic Daily Five prayer in the World:
The five daily prayers (Namaz) are obligatory and they are performed at times determined essentially by the position of the Sun in the sky. Hence, Salah Times vary at different locations on the Earth.
Fajr (Pre Down):
The Fajr Prayer is the 2 rak’at obligatory prayer (‘Subuh’ prayer) of the five daily prayers offered by practising Muslims. Fajr begins at subh saadiq - true dawn or morning twilight when the morning light appears across the full width of the sky and ends at sunrise. The Fajr prayer is mentioned by name in the Qur’an at sura 24 ayah. Inspired by the tafsir of the two hadiths that were transmitted on behalf of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, the worth of the fajr daily prayer is explained as being God’s most-favoured prayer since others are asleep.
Zuhr is the Prayer after midday (But before the time for the Asr Prayer). It has been said that the name Zuhr was given to this Salah because it falls halfway between two daily prayers, those being Fajr which denotes the beginning of dawn and isha, the first instant of complete darkness. It is the second of the five daily prayers, Performed daily by practicing Muslims. The Zuhr prayer (Zuhr Prayer) starts after the sun passes its zenith, and lasts almost 20 min (approx.) before Asr. It’s better to say the salah in between 2 hours after the Azan has been announced from Mosque. Shia (Jafari madhab) differs regarding end of Zuhr time. Per all major Jafari jusrists, end of Zuhr time is about 10 minutes before sunset, the time that belongs exclusively to Asr prayer. Zuhr and Asr time overlaps, apart from first 5 minutes of Zuhr, which is exclusively delegated for it. Asr prayer cannot be offered before Zuhr in the Zuhr Time.
The Asr prayer is the afternoon daily prayer recited by practising Muslims. It is the third of the five daily prayers. The Asr daily prayer may be mentioned as the middle prayer in the Qur’an at sura 2 (Al-Baqara), ayat 238, and also the name of a short sura (surat al-Asr). The Asr prayer starts when the shadow of an object is the same length as the object itself plus the shadow length at Zuhr, and lasts till sunset. Asr can be split into two sections; the preferred time is before the sun starts to turn orange, while the time of necessity is from when the sun turns orange until sunset.
Jafari madhab differs regarding start of asr time. Per all major Jafari jusrists, start of asr time is about 5 minutes after the time of sun passing through zenith, that time belongs exclusively to Zuhr Salat. Time for Zuhr and Asr prayers overlap, but the Zuhr prayer must be offered before Asr, except the time about 10 minutes before sunset, which is delegated exclusively to Asr. In the case that the mentioned time is reached, Asr Prayer should be offered first (ada - on time) and Zuhr (kada - make up, late) Salah should be offered after asr.
Prayer Maghrib (sunset):
The Maghrib prayer prayed just after sunset, is the fourth of five formal daily prayers (salah) performed by practicing Muslims. The Maghrib prayer begins when the sun sets, and lasts till the red light has left the sky in the west. To be considered valid Salah, the formal daily prayers must each be performed within their own prescribed time period. People with a legitimate reason have a longer period during which their prayers will be valid.
Prayer Isha (night):
The Isha Salah starts when the red light is gone from the western sky, and lasts until the rise of the “white light” (fajr sadiq) in the east. The preferred time for Isha is before midnight, meaning halfway between sunset and sunrise.
There are a few optional prayers that can be recited after the Isha Salah, including the Nafilat ul-Layl prayers, as well as the Tarawih in Ramadan.